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Mongolia introduction

Mongolia introduction

History

2011-01-21, Read: (5100), Rate: (5100), Comment: (0) stone age rock painting mongolia Since stone age Mongolia has several significant prehistoric sites such as the Northern Cave of Blue (Paleolithic cave drawings) in Khovd Province, White Cave in province of Bayankhongor, and Dornod Province (Neolithic farming village) which all suggests that Mongolia had been occupied for more than 800,000 years. The Mongol tribes emerged from an area which had been inhabited by humans as far back as the Stone Age, over 100,000 years ago. The peoples there went through the bronze age and iron age, then forming tribal alliances and beginning to battle with China. By the third century BC, there was evidence of a nomadic culture, comprising Turkic peoples in tribes which battled with each other and neighboring cultures. They were subdued temporarily by the growing strength of the Chin

Economy

2011-01-21, Read: (4204), Rate: (4204), Comment: (0) economy of mongolia Economic activity in Mongolia has traditionally been based on herding and agriculture- Mongolia's extensive mineral deposits, however, have attracted foreign investors. The country holds copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, which account for a large part of foreign direct investment and government revenues. On the eve of the 1921 revolution, Mongolia had an underdeveloped, stagnant economy based on nomadic animal husbandry. Farming and industry were almost nonexistent; transportation and communications were primitive; banking, services, and trade were almost exclusively in the hands of foreigners. Most of the people were either illiterate nomadic herders or monks. Property in the form of livestock was owned primarily by aristocrats and monaste

Geography

2011-04-04, Read: (5324), Rate: (5324), Comment: (0) geography of Mongolia Mongolia is a landlocked country in Northern Asia, strategically located between China and Russia. At 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia is the world's 19th-largest country (after Iran). It is significantly larger than the next-largest country, Peru. The geography of Mongolia is varied with the Gobi Desert to the south and with cold and mountainous regions to the north and west. Much of Mongolia consists of steppes and much of the Gobi Desert. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Khüiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point (4,374 meters). The lowest

Culture

2011-01-26, Read: (2637), Rate: (2637), Comment: (0) mongolian traditional dance biyelgee Mongolian traditional dance Inscribed in 2009 on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. Our classical traditional dance is biyelgee, is a particular to the people western Mongolia . It is performed to the music of Mongolian national musical instruments, such as the morin khuur (horse headed fiddle) and yochin. Is performed in a ger in circle of people, in other, in other words, in limited small space, before the hearth, so the dancers make partially no use of their rhythmic movements express various aspects of their identities, such as sex, tribe, and ethnic group. Plastic movements of the dancer‘s hands and horse express everything in the dance. Biyelgee is a descriptive dance, actually a pantomime, with the dancer acting several scenes from

Biodiversity

2011-01-21, Read: (7296), Rate: (7296), Comment: (0) wild sheep The science study of Mongolian fauna was started in the second half of the 19th century. Everyone traveling in Mongolia may find it difficult to distinguish between wild and domesticated animals as both roam freely on the open, vast steppe. Though Mongolia does not have the large games such lion, elephant that attract visitors to Africa, it has many rare and endangered species such as the snow leopard, Argali and Ibex. Mammals in Mongolia: Currently 136 species of mammals concerning 8 classes, 22 families, 70 types of mammals have been registered in Mongolia; most of them are endemic in Central Asia. 60 species of them are hunted as they are game animals. Birds of Mongolia: Mongolia has a rich composition of bird species due to the migratory routes from the Pacific and Indian Oc

Religion

2011-01-16, Read: (163), Rate: (163), Comment: (0)By now Mongolia’s main religion is Buddism, with 90% of the whole population are Buddhists. The rest are Muslims, Shamanist and few Christians. Mongolians; first religion was shamanism, it arose during the clan structure. At that time it was simple, just magic. According to archeological findings, about 100000-40000 years before the people lived on the land of today’s Mongolia had this religion. On the ancient earth, every clan had a belief about their origin that they were descended from an animal or a plant, and they called it tutelary genius. The Mongols adored deer or wolf.

Climate

2011-01-20, Read: (14625), Rate: (14625), Comment: (0) mongolia climate temperature and rainfall average Mongolia is known to the world as country of " Blue Sky" . Along with Southern Siberia this part of Asia has a continental climate, with long, cold, dry winters and brief, mild, and relatively wet summers. The average summer temperature is +20c (+65F). Winter is –20c (-13F). The wind is 1.5-4.5m/s. The average rainfall is 200-220 mm. In Mongolia there are 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies. When Arctic air masses dominate in mid-winter, temperatures average 68° F (-20° C) to 95° F (-35° C). In the Uvs Lake basin in northwestern Mongolia, known as one of the coldest places in all of Asia, the lowest temperature ever recorder is 136° F (-58° C). By contrast, summer time temperatures in the Gobi desert climb as high as 104° F (40&d

Public holidays

2011-01-26, Read: (3835), Rate: (3835), Comment: (0) new year in mongolia Name: New Year's day Date: 1th of January Mongolians widely celebrates New Year with family, classmates and workmates during end of December. Instead of Santa Claus, Father Frost with Snow Girls visits to family and New Year gifts are given to children by Father Frost, fir trees are decorated by family. Mongolian president takes a speech which is about success of previous year and wishes to implement the plan of next year successfully to all Mongolians just before at 00:00 AM by television. December 31 is half work day. People pass the last minutes of year with their family and friends. January 1 is one of public holidays in Mongolia.

Festivals and events

2012-01-25, Read: (763), Rate: (763), Comment: (0) Name: New year's first sunrise tour Date: 1 January Organizer: Mongolian Railway's Tour Bureau Location : /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bid